Kompas, Page 6
By Elin Driana
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development has just released the results for the Programme for International Student Assessment 2012 covering the subjects of mathematics, science and reading. What are the results? Indonesians came in at 64th place out of 65 surveyed countries.
The international assessment tested the skills of 15-years old children in how they implement knowledge for solving real life problems. This year, students from 65 countries, with a sample of between 4.500 and 10.000, participated in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).
As previous results have shown every three years, Indonesia ranked at the bottom of the list again. Statistically, the mathematics score of Indonesian students (374) was not much different from countries such as Qatar and Canada scoring slightly higher at 376 and 368 respectively, or even Peru coming in last at 368.
For the subject of science, Indonesia did not score significantly lower or higher than Qatar and Peru at 382, 384 and 372 respectively. Meanwhile, Indonesia’s reading score of 396 was also not much of a difference compared to countries such as Tunisia, Columbia, Jordan, and Malaysia, which scored higher, or even Argentina, Albania, Kazakhstan, Qatar, and Peru, which scored lower. The average scores of OECD member states for mathematics, science and reading were 494, 501 and 496 respectively.
PISA categorizes student achievements into six skill levels, beginning from level 1 (the lowest) to level 6 (the highest). These levels describe how students can use their logic in solving problems.
The majority of Indonesian students have not reached level 2 for mathematics (75.7%) and science (66.6%). What raises concerns is that 42.3% of the students have not even reached the lowest level (level 1) for mathematics and 24.7% for science. As for reading, 55.2% of the students have not managed to reach level 2 and 4.1% has not been able to reach the lowest level (level 1b).
The poor achievements of our future golden generation should be a wakeup call for us, including policy makers, prompting us to immediately come up with a new strategy. This includes entirely and consistently fulfilling the eight national standards of education for all citizens. The future of the nation is at stake.
Responding to the Results of PISA 2012