Kompas, Page 7
Although many were doubtful, history has recorded: Wikipedia managed to wipeout Encarta, the digital encyclopedia, officially in 2009. Previously, Encarta managed to replace the manual encyclopedia Britannica years before. The message behind this encyclopedia paradigm: the big idea of the people nowadays is sharing; a person can be a user and a contributor at once.
The shift in the development of the nation’s curriculum was similar to that of the encyclopedia above. In the conventional curriculum, described as Curriculum 1.0, teachers convey knowledge prepared by the Central Government to the nation. All schools and students passively absorb this information. Sometimes, the Central Government even created the lesson plan. The paradigm of the conventional encyclopedia can be used as an analogy for this. In Curriculum 1.0, neither students nor teachers are involved in the development of the curriculum.
However, Curriculum 2.0 offered a new paradigm: schools created a curriculum based on the standard issued by an independent body or profession. Schools independently designed their own curriculum. Teachers and students arranged the program together.
Then there was Curriculum 3.0. Here, students independently arranged their own study program, aided by the teacher. Students determined what they intended to study and when. In this paradigm, students were responsible for what they needed to study and how they were going to study. However, this Curriculum was still considered to be flawed.
In order to fix the Curriculum 3.0, Curriculum 3.1 was made. The Government, in this paradigm, can be said to be similar to the administrator on Facebook or Wikipedia. It guarantees the functionality of facilities and the how intensive study sessions are so students can optimally develop themselves.
Based on the above analogy, the nation’s curriculum can be considered to have reached the level of Curriculum 2.0. According to the Sisdiknas Law, schools are independently allowed to create their own curriculum based on the national standard created by the National Education Standards Board (BSNP). However, with the new 2013 Curriculum, the nation’s curriculum seems to have regressed to Curriculum 1.0 because the Government has taken on the role of creating the curriculum again. Students, teachers and schools have become mere objects again.
Like the dead Encarta and the developing Wikipedia, the authoritarian Curriculum 1.0 will be neglected by the learning community while Curriculum 2.0 and above will develop naturally. Whatever policies or services made in the future must absolutely involve the people.
Promoting Curriculum 3.1