The high rate of illiteracy in some regions in Indonesia is one of the factors of the cause of poverty. Based on data, in 2015 the percentage of illiteracy stands at 3.56 percent or approximately 5.7 million people. Director General of Early Childhood Education and Public/Community Education, Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemdikbud), Harris Iskandar explained the illiteracy rate in Indonesia consistently decreased since the beginning of independence. Nevertheless, the spread of illiteracy is still large enough to need special handling.
He said one way is by providing skills. Therefore, vocational education becomes important. So besides providing knowledge to be literate, skills are also provided in accordance with the respective potentials to assist family welfare. This was conveyed in a press conference of International Literacy Day (HAI) in Kemdikbud, Jakarta, Friday (9/9/2016).
Harris disclosed there are several distinguishing factors causing some regions to have high illiteracy rate. Several concern location, facilities, and education services.
Whereas Director of Development of Literacy Education and Equality Kemdikbud, Erman Syamsuddin disclosed, the eradication of illiteracy through vocational education is deemed to touch the wider community. According to him, currently there is a trend that people prefer to be trained skills first instead of learning to read, write, and arithmetic (calistung).