Creating Conditions Conducive for Learning

Kompas, page 12

Economic factors plus a feeling of not obtaining what they really need sees some students decide not to continue their education at school. A new strategy is needed to enable those students to sustain their study time and become high quality citizens in the future.

Susilo Adinegoro, Director of Sanggar Anak Akar, a non-governmental organization that provides education for drop-out students in Jakarta and surrounding areas, said that many students become stressed due to the burden of their academic load. He explained that the current education system is too inflexible. All aspects are assessed by grade so that it is demanded of students that they always obtain good grades. However, the process is often directed more on gaining high grades than on understanding the importance of learning a subject.

According to the Summary of Education Data from the Ministry of National Education for 2015/2016, a total of 946,013 students graduated from elementary school but did not continue to junior high. Moreover, adding those who attended junior high but did not graduate (51,541 students), there would be 997,554 Indonesian children with only elementary graduate status in 2015/2016. This situation was made worse by 68,066 children who did not continue their education in elementary school in 2015/2016. If this kind of situation happens each year and there is no breakthrough, the number of Indonesian people holding Just an elementary school certificate at best will continue to rise.

Susilo revealed that it is difficult to apply the formal school system in some communities, for example, in a community where children have to help their parents. A similar situation arises in remote communities comprising just a few families and they find it is difficult to send children to formal schools.

In such a situation, a community-based school can be implemented. Moreover, the education principle in Indonesia is compulsory study and not compulsory school. Therefore, the surrounding environment is a campus, and parents are the primary teachers. The curriculum can be adopted from the national curriculum and the implementation of teaching activities can be adjusted to the existing conditions where the students live.

Meanwhile, an expert on education management and guidance counseling of Indraprasta PGRI University, Heru Sriyono, pointed out that society’s exhaustion with formal education is due to most education methods at school not being properly developed. Most teachers depend on the curriculum and lack variations in teaching. He added that students have different needs depending on their personal background and living environment.

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