Kompas, page 1
The high dropout rate in the primary school (SD) – junior high school (SMP) levels is viewed as a serious problem in the context of the nation’s competitiveness. The hard work of the central and regional administrations is required in order for the school dropout rate not to become a classic in the mapping of Indonesia’s human resources. Vice Rector of Jakarta State University’s Academic Division Rantoni Luddin reminded/advised, children who are currently school dropouts, in 5 – 10 coming years would erode the demographic bonus/dividend.
According to Muchlis, in the years of 2020-2030 Indonesia should reap positive value from children who grow to become the productive age population. However, with their failed primary education, Indonesia would instead reap problems. Based on data of the Ministry of Education and Culture in 2015/2016 alone, there are 1,014 million school dropouts in SD and do not continue to SMP. The data is relevant to Indonesia’s manpower map which shows 40 percent are educated equivalent to SD. Muchlis assesses the “balance” of school dropout rate that appears annually is likened to “ulcers” in the nation’s competitiveness.
Vice Chairman of the Indonesian Academy of Sciences Satryo Soemantri Brodjonegoro deems the fact that there are still children who do not complete the 9 year compulsory education as the failure of the state. Primary-secondary education should be borne by the state. He reminded Indonesia does not only face the problem of school dropout children in SD alone. The quality of our primary school (SD) education is also still a problem.
Meanwhile, Director of Education and Religion of the National Development Planning Board (Bappenas) Hadiat affirmed, HR improvement through education is still the government’s commitment. From the 9 year compulsory education is enhanced to 12 years. He said, the result of government intervention in expansion of access and quality may appear slow, but this is due to the very broad scope of education financing, in terms of the population of students, teachers, and schools.