Access to Education Hampered

Kompas, page 1, Saturday, Oct 8

Efforts to capture the poor who are no longer in school through the Smart Indonesia Program are hampered. Of the 4.5 million poor people/ residents targeted by the Smart Indonesia Cards (KIP) for the 2016 non-formal education path, only 17,000 people have received the cards. Director General of Early Childhood Education and Public Education Harris Iskandar said the main constraint in the KIP distribution is the difficulty in finding the targeted residents’ domicile aged 6-12 years. They are generally scattered in remote areas.   According to Harris, on average these children are not at home because they already work.

The residents/citizens in question are part of the 25 percent of the poorest residents in this country who are no longer in school based on integrated data of the 2015 Management of the Poor Program by the National Team for the Acceleration of Poverty Alleviation. They are projected to follow the non-formal education path, namely the Community Learning Centers (PKBM) or courses.

Head of Sustainable Education Section of the Directorate of Early Childhood Education (PAUD) and Public Education of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemdikbud), Subi Sudarto said although their names are registered in the government, the school dropouts are difficult to find in their home addresses. Many among them are scattered in other places without changing the domicile address. Cooperation of the regional administration apparatus is needed to really go down on the ground (blusukan) to search for them.

Kemdikbud targets in 2019 to have community learning center (PKBM) services in every village. According to Harris, the proposal that appeared was to use the classrooms outside school time or in the village hall.  Actually, said Harris, this year’s condition improved compared to last year. Based on Kemdikbud data of 2015, only 12,290 of the population aged 6-12 years are registered in PKBM comprised of Pursue Package A, B, and C as well as course places that accept KIP. Package learning groups are designed to accommodate a maximum of 15 learning groups for Package A, 25 people for Package B, and 30 people for Package C.



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