Kompas, page 1
The problem of uneven distribution of teachers is still unresolved until ahead of 71 years the occasion of Teachers’ Day on November 25. There are areas/regions that are in excess of teachers, but there are many other areas that are actually in shortage of teachers. This gap will hamper efforts to improve the quality and competitiveness of the Indonesian population. In fact, nationally, the number of teachers in Indonesia is in excess. Referring to the Education Basic Data (Dapodik), currently recorded are 2,217,161 teachers. This figure does not include SMK productive teachers. The number of teachers needed at the primary school (SD) level, SMP and SMA / SMK is 2.07922 million people. Thus, there is an excess of 137,941 teachers.
Director General of Teachers and Education Personnel Kemdikbud Sumarna Surapranata said this condition could occur because the regional administrations have the power to hire teachers at the regency/ city level. Unfortunately, appointment of teachers is not accompanied by good distribution. As a result, in one area there is a surplus of teachers, but there is also a shortage of teachers in other areas. In West Java, for example, there is a surplus of primary school (SD) level teachers. The need for SD teachers in 2016 was 134,886 teachers, while the number of primary school teachers available is 145,482 people.
In contrast with West Java, Papua is experiencing a shortage of primary school teachers. The province requires 4,586 primary school teachers, but there are 4,159 people available. This means that there is a shortage of 427 people. Secretary of Papua Province Education Agency Protasius Lobya states, Papua overall is in shortage of about 800 teachers. This deficiency occurred on the outskirts of Jayapura up to the mountains and coastal regions that are inaccessible.
Chairman of the Research and Development Board of the Indonesian Teachers Association (PGRI) Mohammad Abduhzen said, in the education system, the teacher is a dominant determining factor for the advancement of education. Unfortunately, the issue of teachers is not viewed comprehensively. Uncontrolled recruitment, including the distribution and preparation of teachers in educational institutions, are crucial issues that must be immediately addressed. According to Abduhzen, if the management of teachers is not immediately rectified, education would lack quality. The impact, in the long run, is the quality and competitiveness of Indonesia’s population does not improve.