Kompas, page 1
Efforts to achieve equal distribution of teachers needs to be taken seriously across sectors. The main priority is to distribute teachers to disadvantaged, outermost, and frontier (3T) regions. This distribution is targeted to be completed by the end of 2017 so that the problem is not repeated and accumulated. Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Culture, Puan Maharani requested the Ministry of Education and Culture together with the Ministry of the Interior to map out the border areas that require additional educators. In addition, Kemdikbud was also asked to map out teachers based on their abilities or capacities.
The Director for Education and Religion of the National Planning and Development Board (Bappenas), Hadiat said that for the 3T regions are highly prioritized through the appointment of frontline (GGD) teachers. This is because the 3T regions still lack teachers both in quantity and quality.
The Director General for Teachers and Education Personnel of Kemdikbud, Sumarna Surapranata stated that for the regions recorded with a surplus of teachers, it should be prioritized in the fulfillment of existing teachers. The method is by moving the excess teachers in the regions or schools to the understaffed regions or schools. To support the mapping out of teachers, Ministry for State Apparatus Empowerment and Bureaucratic Reform is currently improving information technology containing the database of teachers spread throughout the country.
The growth of civil servant teachers is far behind compared to temporary teachers. In the course of more than a decade, the growth of teachers appointed by the government only reached 23 percent, while the growth of temporary teachers rose to 860 percent. This has nationally triggered the surplus of teachers in Indonesia, but their distribution is problematic. Based on the study by Kemdikbud in year 1999/2000, the number of civil servant teachers reached 1.4 million people and in 2014/2015 increased to about 1.74 million. While in the same period, the number of temporary teachers was initially 84,600 people which darted sharply to 812,000 people.