Teacher Supply System Addressed

Kompas, page 1

In the midst of unequal distribution of teachers which has not been resolved to date, Indonesia is threatened to face other serious problems associated with education personnel. In the period from 2016 to 2020, it is projected that there are about 316,535 permanent teachers who will retire, while the supply of certified new teachers or in accordance with Law No. 14 Year 2005 on Teachers and Lecturers are only 3,000-5,000 people per year. It means that for 2016 to 2020, only a maximum of about 25,000 permanent teachers could be provided by the government.

The teacher remains a very important component. However, so far, the problem of permanent teacher shortages is addressed by appointing temporary teachers. Eventually, overall at macro scale, the number of teachers in Indonesia exceeds the needs with an excess of 155,408 people. However, if viewed more in the micro level, there is a shortage of permanent teachers which remains a crucial component of the educational process.

Given the high need for teachers the Director of Learning of the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Paristyanti Nurwardani, assessed that the role of the teacher education institutions would be very important. The institutions must be able to provide a great number of qualified teaching staffs. According to Paristyanti, based on information from Kemdikbud, as user of prospective teachers from universities the need/demand for teachers ranges from 40,000 to 60,000 persons per year.

In such situations, Chairman of the Association of Indonesian Teacher Education Providers, Djaali has urged the government to immediately prepare a detailed planning of the needed teachers based on field of study and per territory/region. With this planning, the provision of professional educators by the teacher education providers could run accordingly. According to him, LPTK currently covers 12 universities, 30 teachers and education science faculties in universities and also 380 private universities. They should all be able to ensure the quality of teacher education, moreover the government is preparing a national standard of teacher education.

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