The Jakarta Post, page 3, Saturday, April 1
Regional administration have yet to prioritize the implementation of the 12-year compulsory education program in their budgetary polices, a study says – another sign the country is likely to miss out on the demographic bonus that has been predicted to occur between 2020 and 2030.
The study, released by the Indonesian Education Monitoring Network (JPPI) on Thursday, assessed the 2016 education budgets in 20 regencies and municipalities across the country. It found that none of them have allocated funds for the 12-year compulsory education, in part because of the absence of a strong legal basis that requires them to do so.
The assessed regions were Serdang Bedagai regency in North Sumatra, Malang in East Java, Bengkalis regency in Riau, Bojonegoro regency, Cilacap regency, Kebumen regency and Pekalongan in Central Java; Jembrana regency on Bali, Maros regency and Parepare in South Sulawesi, Aceh Besar regency and Banda Aceh in Aceh, Sukabumi, Sukabumi regency and Bandung regency in West Java, Palembang in South Sumatera, Gunungkidul regency in Yogyakarta, Mempawah regency in West Kalimantan, Kupang regency in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) and East Lombok regency in West Nusa Tenggara (NTB).
Ahmad Taufik, JPPI researcher said although there is a 2013 Education and Culture Ministry regulation on universal secondary education, it does not require regional administrations to allocate funds from their budgets for 12-year compulsory education.
Through the regulation, issued in July 2013, the ministry adopted the “universal secondary education” label because the 2003 National Education System Law does not specifically recognize a compulsory 12-year program.