Kompas, page 12, Saturday, April 29
Serious attention should be paid to the number of elementary school teachers matching their availability and the demand in the field. Several regions are likely to face a crisis in the provision of teachers, along with the number reaching retirement age and the increasing number of students. United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through a new priority program has just released the results of a study concerning the provision and need for new teachers in Elementary Schools (SD).
Stuart Weston, Program Director of USAID Priority, said on Friday (28/4) in Jakarta that this study aims to assist the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education as well as the Ministry of Education and Culture in analyzing the method to narrow the gap between the availability and need for teachers in SD. Being aware of the data on classroom teachers in SD, the education agency of educational personnel will be able to consider the student quota in accordance with the need for new classroom teachers in SD.
According to the national data of education and culture 2015 quoted by this study team, Indonesia is still short of some 282,224 PNS teachers. However, there is an excess (82,245 teachers), if non-PNS teachers are included. Meanwhile, based on the Database of Higher Education (PDPT) of Kemenristek and Dikti for the same year, there are 415 education and educational personnel agencies (LPTK) – covering 37 state and 378 of private LPTK. These agencies had 91,247 of PSGD program graduates.
According to Mark Heyward, head of the study team, there were four methods to minimize the need at SD level. This ias based on the experience of USAID Prioritas in assisting the arrangement and distribution of teachers in several associate provinces. The first method was the normal method or no policies to implement. The second was the combination of classes or multi-grade classroom. The third method is the conversion of subject teachers to become classroom teachers. The final method is a combination of the second and third methods.