Kompas, page 12
The school has not fully functioned as sowing the values of Pancasila and Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Unity in Diversity). However it is often that schools become the place to develop ideologies with risks of dividing the nation. Thus there needs to be a human rights-friendly school movement. The Director of Peace Generation Indonesia, Irfan Amali said that presently the school has become a place where so many negative things could happen to students. Starting from harassment/bullying up to ensnaring students with extreme understandings that result in students ‘missing’ the touch with family and the surrounding environment.
Based on the Peace Generation Indonesia research, four out of five teachers were unaware of the negative impact of bullying or the spread of anti-Pancasila ideology. They assume it reasonable if students, especially teenagers, often tease friends or are curious on things outside the lessons. Teachers’ lack of understanding makes it impossible for them to be an accurate source of information when students ask various things that make them confused. This makes students conclude that extreme ideology is the way out of their problems.
The Teachers’ Light (Cahaya Guru) Foundation Chairperson, Henny Supolo pointed out that regional head elections have triggered many discriminatory sentiments in society. In fact, teachers who should give enlightenment to students are also affected by the flow of emotion and political ideology that is not in line with Pancasila. What is more concerning is that bullying based on differences in religion, beliefs, and ethnic group backgrounds, are in fact more commonly found in state schools that should actually be a place for national harmony. In granting school accreditation, Henny said that the factor of human rights fulfillment must also be considered, not only in terms of facilities and infrastructure. It also needs to be observed how schools recruit teachers and the teaching materials that teachers give to students.
The Komnas HAM (National Commission on Human Rights) commissioner, M Nurkhoiron said that the school is no longer a place to add insight and learn about freedom of expression, but a place of indoctrination. Actually, the school ideally does not become a reflection of events in the community, but the school is a place to critically discuss issues in the community with the aim of developing the perspective of students.