Republika, page 5
Ministry of Manpower (Kemenaker) said that the Vocational High School (SMK) curriculum has yet to be in tune with the industrial world. Director General (Dirjen) for Training and Productivity of Kemenaker, Bambang Satrio Lalono explained that there are quite a few Vocational High Schools (SMK and SMEA). Because, a number of those high schools have qualifications that changed into SMKs.
However, he said that the change was not adapted to the qualifications of the vocational teachers. In addition, the curriculum is still weak and the equipment and infrastructure still inadequately support.
According to him, it is one of the causes of the many of unemployed SMK graduates. He said that based on Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) data as of August 2016, about 11.11 percent of SMK graduates become openly unemployed. The second position is occupied by high school graduates as much as 8.73 percent.
Actually, he said that the Ministry of Manpower has a grand design of employment opportunities. The respective employment opportunities are greater than the SMK graduates in 2016.
According to him, education was established to meet the needs of industry. So far, he said that the SMK curriculum still covers much general studies rather than on vocational studies. He said that only 25 percent of the SMK curriculum only studies vocational education while 30% is only theory. He said that the condition is inversely proportional to Germany which prioritizes 70 percent of its curriculum for vocational education, while only 30 percent is for theory.
He said that one fact the SMK curriculum has not been capable of preparing its graduates for the working world is namely the existence of Training Centers (BLK). He said the BLK curriculum is more flexible to meet industry needs. While the SMK curriculum, cannot quickly respond to industry needs because it has a long (list) of regulations.