The Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemendikbud) will increase the number of boarding school-based Vocational High Schools (SMK) in the country, on the basis of one province, one boarding school that “applies military principles” (ketarunaan). The Minister of Education and Culture, Muhadjir Effendy, said that the ministry would gradually increase the number of boarding school-based SMK or SMK with military principles because the schools’ constructors came under the elements of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI), such as Army, Air Force, and Navy.
Mendikbud admitted that currently most of the schools applying military principles in Indonesia had their own boarding schools. However, there are only 120 of these schools, which are managed by a private party. Actually, the dominant party that initiates the establishment of these SMK is a private party.
He viewed that the models of schools applying military principles were various. The models are Islamic schools, professional schools such as marine or maritime, as well as an aviation school in Jayapura that cooperates with the airlines. The vision relies on the respective schools.
In the Islamic School model, students are able to receive a religious grounding and graduates will have a more tolerant and rounded nature. Meanwhile, in the professional school model, graduates will be reliable experts that excel in their respective fields. Whereas in SMA Negeri Taruna Nala, which was inaugurated by Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo, the students will continue their military education already having sound knowledge.